South America is the continent to the south of North America. These two continents are separated by the Panama Canal.
South America is attached to Central America at the boundary of Panama. Geographically all of Panama – including the part east of the Panama Canal in the isthmus – is usually included in North America alone and among the countries of Central America. This long continent is from the Caribbean Sea almost to Antarctica.It separates the Atlantic on the east, and Pacific Ocean on the west. South America can be divided into four parts. The Caribbean Republics include Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. The Andean Republics include Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru. The River Plate Republics have Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina. Brazil, the largest, is almost half of South America.